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Progressing Cavity Pump (cycloidical)

by mechadense, published

Progressing Cavity Pump (cycloidical) by mechadense Aug 9, 2012

Description

DESCRIPTION:

This is the center part of a progressing-cavity-pump (PCP-pump or moineau-pump)

It implements the design approach with alternating epi- and hypocycloids which avoids cusps/kinks (the curve is C1 but not C2 continous)

Right now it uses two and threefold symmetry for rotor and stator respectively, but it shouldn't be hard to change it to any N and (N+1) symmetry (it's prepared) like three and four for more sturdiness or one and two for more throughput.

It is a positive displacement pump and thus provides (if the clearance would be zero) constant flow with arbitrary pressure. At no time the input and output section is directly connected. It is suitable to pump high viscous liquids possibly mixed with solid particles. You can find more info on wikipedia.


IMPORTANT NOTES:

Major tweaking points are marked with arrows.
Currently wall thicknesses are faked by scaling correctly for the radial component and rotating incorrectly (by eye) for tangential component. An offset in the epi and hypocycloid functions would be better.
For the initial print I used a very high clearance of 0.6mm to make sure it will fit.
If your printer is tuned well I recommend to reduce it a lot and make a new stator *.stl.

sidenote:
There are also conical PCPs which by nature cant be completely tight if made out of noncompliable material.

MOTIVATION:

I am thinking about a steel printed version for re extrusion of PLA and PET plastics. Judging from the PLA melt artworks PLA should flow in by gravity. Sadly I had no success trying to "gravity melt" PET in a steel-can at 230° in 15min. Melting it with an soldering iron at that temperature works like a charm ... why the difference?

For now this is a huge one just for fun and maybe for (off printhead?) paste extrusion.



SOURCES:

siag.project.ifi.uio.no/problems/gravesen/
www2.mat.dtu.dk/people/J.Gravesen/MoineauPump/

Recent Comments

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I arrived at this the following way:

I mainly want to re-extrude PLA and PET plastic on a very small sizescale and since I guess that auger drives won't work well when they're too small and have an already liquid gravity-feed I searched for high pressure pumps. With google-image-search I found the moineau pumps which they use for crude oil pumping (high symmetry). I searched Thingiverse and indeed found your moineau pump but I wanted a sturdier rotor so I went for copying the crude oil pumps.

In regards to paste printing I did this some time ago.
http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:21302
I only tried dough and with a LOT of retraction to compensate the bending of the thread oozing might be controllable.
But thats a lot of force times distance thus energy and the motors might (or might not
) become hot quite quickly.
Also the force needed for extrusion through a 4mm diameter nozzle was already quite high.
But the worst thing was filling that syringe without airbubbles - it's way too tedious.
Very cool; I made a simpler one awhile back: thingiverse.com/thing:7958

Have you considered printing liquids or gels? ttsalo did a nice job with chocolate: thingiverse.com/thing:18017

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Instructions

You may want to reduce the clearance for the stator.
There is still a lot of work to do for inclusion into a working project.
Very cool; I made a simpler one awhile back: thingiverse.com/thing:7958

Have you considered printing liquids or gels? ttsalo did a nice job with chocolate: thingiverse.com/thing:18017
I arrived at this the following way:

I mainly want to re-extrude PLA and PET plastic on a very small sizescale and since I guess that auger drives won't work well when they're too small and have an already liquid gravity-feed I searched for high pressure pumps. With google-image-search I found the moineau pumps which they use for crude oil pumping (high symmetry). I searched Thingiverse and indeed found your moineau pump but I wanted a sturdier rotor so I went for copying the crude oil pumps.

In regards to paste printing I did this some time ago.
http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:21302
I only tried dough and with a LOT of retraction to compensate the bending of the thread oozing might be controllable.
But thats a lot of force times distance thus energy and the motors might (or might not
) become hot quite quickly.
Also the force needed for extrusion through a 4mm diameter nozzle was already quite high.
But the worst thing was filling that syringe without airbubbles - it's way too tedious.
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