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RAR Print - Open source, low-cost, photopolymer 3D printer

by mikhashev, published

RAR Print - Open source, low-cost, photopolymer 3D printer by mikhashev Oct 9, 2014
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Summary

RAR Print is 3d printer that you can made by printing almost all it's parts and use same parts from old CD|DVD ROMs.
TIP: Write youre questions :) I Try to explain all moments
Quick specs:
Printer Dimensions (LxWxH): 290 mm X 190 mm X 200 mm
Print head: UV diode + CD|DVD drive optic system
Build Volume (LxWxH): 80 mm x 80 mm x 80 mm
Minimum Layer-height: 10 Microns (0.01 mm)
Precision: Same as in CD|DVD Disk
Board: Arduino Mega 2560
__NEWS_____
07/08/2016

NEW FDM 3d printer
RAR Print Double - unic 3D printer with two build platforms

http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:1700571

11/26/2015

Now I am experimenting with DLP 3d printer and custom photopolymers. Results you can see here:
https://yadi.sk/a/2GeOJ0HEkZXzp

01/25/2015

Hi world! :) Sorry for the silence. I got married 31 october ^_^ . Then was travelling around Siberia Mountains ( Altay region). And I started new work at Tomsk city.

So about RAR Priner project:

I get my:
Ramps 1.4 boards
Old RAR printer prototype printed parts
and many other parts which will help with project

On google docs available newest instructions for assembling 3D printer RAR print:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/152UdYUsXrQIEFH6rQjsgM5scn52KM0iCF9XoKVdYWSE/edit?usp=sharing

Mikhail Shevchenko

11/17/2014

Hi ! ) :) Very soon experiments will begins. Good guys from Bestfilament company gave to me Arduino MEGA 2560. I still waiting for RAMPS 1.4 and Pololu drivers A4988.

Photo below:
old DVD ROM , uv led, Arduino MEGA 2560 and small dvd rom from notebook.

http://vk.com/rarprint?z=photo-72484195_343361200%2Falbum-72484195_00%2Frev

10/16/2014

Thank you to all interested in the project! Thanks for the feedback, it helps a lot.
I decided to create a 3D printer, and show how you too can do it at home. I will be blogging on YouTube. And duplicate the information here.
Remember, I'm doing a project in their spare time. Hence on any clear time frames there is no question.
Soon will show you how to make this 3D printer with your hands. The project is free and open.
Stay tuned for updates! :) My youtube channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC2e9UDoku9wXszHs8dqu_8w
Articles about RAR print :
http://3dprint.com/18601/rar-sla-3d-printer/ (English)
http://habrahabr.ru/post/240039/ (Russian)
http://www.3ders.org/articles/20141014-russian-man-creates-a-sla-3d-printer-from-old-cd-dvd-drives.html (English)
http://3druck.com/drucker-und-produkte/rar-print-open-source-sla-3d-drucker-aus-cddvd-rom-laufwerken-fuer-e200-5525011/ (German)
http://i-maker.jp/rar-print-5466.html (Japan)

Instructions

You'l need:
-2 kg of PLA plastic ( parts shown were printed using it)
-300x400 mm - organic glass ( orange)
-5 or 10 /// CD|DVD - ROMs ( with work stepper drives )
-1 dvd ROM optic system + 1 UV LED ( Ultraviolet diode) Characteristics of UV diode may be any ( ~400 nm light wave, and power 100 -1000 mW) it depend what photopolimer you want to use.It installed instead laser diod into dvd ROM optic system

  • Arduino Mega 2560
  • Shield for CD|DVD ROM drives
  • 5 CD|DVD ROM step motors drivers ( Example A4988)
  • wires and bus
  • Glass or plastic reservour ( For Makerjuice Photopolymer)
  • simple current and voltage regulator for UV Print head
  • Customized Marlin
    Attention: All printable parts oriented not correct to 3D printing. You must orient it before printing.Also you can chop parts into some pieces and print them ( If you have limited build volume into your 3D printer).

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there is some video printer running?
Thanks

Hi, it seem a very interesting job !
I will try to make one but it seem some pieces are missing ( the printing bed for example). Is it possible to have all the printable pieces ?
Thank you very much in advance.

Hello,
I think you made a mistake. If you use the "non-commercial" clause, it is not open-source. You can check the open-source definition here: https://opensource.org/osd-annotated - point 6 explicitly says that you can not forbid commercial use.

Also, I could not find the firmware you used for controlling the galvos. Would you kindly point me to it?

Hi, Patola.

Open-source - it is open tehnology, that anybody can use for their purposes.

Firmware is - Marlin

This is not what open-source is. To be open-source, you cannot forbid commercial use. It is a technical, "official" deffinition with 10 points to comply, as I have quoted here. If you say it is open-source and you use the "NC" clause, you are misleading people.

I could not find galvo control code in Marlin, how do you configure the motors? E.g. Marlin just moves the motors in a planar way (X-Y-Z axis) or with delta coordinates.

May be ) But many peoples use it in commercial purposes. Do you want it too?

There is no galvos, only 3 steppers from CD ROM drives. Instructions for assembling 3D printer RAR print available in google docs:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/152UdYUsXrQIEFH6rQjsgM5scn52KM0iCF9XoKVdYWSE/edit?usp=sharing

I might. I free all my projects, code and videos under open source licenses and I only get involved in open-source projects too. As a frantic open-source fan, nothing puts me off more than a "NC" clause, it means that commercial use, one of the main levers for making a project go right, is tightly limited, to the point of being stuck.

Regarding firmware, I was just informed of a firmware that can control galvanometers, and it is open-source. Maybe it can help you: https://github.com/beardface/LAMPS

Hi

I want to do this printer, but i have a few questions:
1 In which program do you create track's layer from 3D model? Slicer/Cura would be good for sla?
2 Can I change a UV diod to a laser with optical from Blue-Ray [e.g.:http://www.diyouware.com/node/161 they have 405nm but i don't know a power- at least it have 110mV]? In this conficuration i must have a voltage divider whith parameters from your schemat or different resistance?
3 What for is a second UV diod (in imaterials list have a two diod UV] to axis XY we must one diod or two diod [and how link it together]?

Hi!

1) Track's layers can be created in any GCODE generator programm like Sli3er and etc. I prefer use Sli3er.
2)Yes you can. But, if you choose blue-ray optical system, you need to use blue ray's laser diode and simple voltage and current regulator ( could be pick up from cheap laser pointer). On Makerjuice G resin at least 50-100 mWatt power UV LED are need tostart polimerisation reaction. Also power depend on what material between liquid resin and UV source and how far it from UV source.
3) I use only one UV lED.

Comments deleted.

Begginer in 3d printing or expert?
Ask, show, print !

3D printing guild:

Google Hangouts channel: [email protected]

WhatsApp: 3dprintingguild

How good is the print quality now?

HI, ChrissMega

Now I am experimenting with DLP 3d printer and custom photopolimers. Results you can see here:
https://yadi.sk/a/2GeOJ0HEkZXzp

Thank you very much! Your results are awesome! I will build this printer :)

Hi makhashev,
thanks for sharing this. We wanted to build this printer as a project for university, but one or two essential parts seem to be missing. It would be much work to construct them ourselves, so can you please upload them? The missing parts are the ones where the X- and Z-axis dirves are build on, they connect the printer to shell.
I hope to hear from you soon, Rike

Nov 4, 2015 - Modified Nov 26, 2015
mikhashev - in reply to RikeSchulz

HI Rike,

I add parts for X- and Z-axis dirves. But I recommend analize construction yourself and make it much better for your aim :)

Hi mikhashev,
sorry for misspelling your name. Thank you for your fast response, for uploading the parts and the advice. Depending on how much time we need for sofware and documentation we might do that.
I look forward to start building it :)

hi mikhashev, I didnt understand how the machine want to polarize-like the uv led

Jul 23, 2015 - Modified Jul 23, 2015
mikhashev - in reply to masxyz

Hi masxyz,

You can find answer in this book http://www.amazon.com/Stereolithography-Other-RP-Technologies-Prototyping/dp/0872634671

Or simple, make your own experiment with photopolymer resin and UV LED. How much power and time need to curve your resin. It's depend on type of resin and power of UV LED ( I'd use 150 mW and 500 mW UV LED). I'll try to do this experiment to and show process in video soon.

It would be nice if you could upload the missing models.

Which models are missing ?

the xy and z carriage Stl seems to be missing can you upload them please.

How much does this printer cost ?(♥´◡`♥)

May 21, 2015 - Modified May 21, 2015

What can RAR print 3D printer creat ? we are interested to see the examples of its works.
(www.xanaduchem.com)
( professional supplier of filaments,photopolymers for 3D Printers.)

hi, is this machine work?

It's prototype. Worked, but not done full yet

Has anyone built one of these? If so, are there example print that can be viewed?

Great work!

Since you are printing from the bottom, have you considered adding a tilt function for the layer-peeling effect, or did your prototype show it was not necessary?
Also, did you opt to use a UV (Blue) laser diode or a regular diode for the printer?
The document is a bit conflicting with the introduction saying UV Laser Diode and the parts list listing a regular diode.
I would think that the spread of a regular diode would be a concern though, but it would be much cheaper than a laser diode with driver.
And as well, introduction says 5-10 optic drives needed and the later parts list 3. I know it is still a work in progress though. :)

/Andreas

Andreas, UV LED (not laser diode), it's low cost. Power of diode depend of type photopolymer resin. You need old optic drives or broken.

hey, can you upload the dovelled parts for the assembly. also have you made the schematics for connections??

Have you consider to put some units together and sell them? I would love to build one but not enough time.

Jan 25, 2015 - Modified Jan 26, 2015

At last! I'm super excited to see if I can build a version of your design, but sections 1.4 and 1.5 are still in Russian. Can you update the documents with translations?

EDIT: I went ahead and used Google Translate on the two sections I mentioned and added the result as a comment on each one. If they work, you can just copy paste those in place. Hope that helps.

Edit II: I went pretty hard updating the instructions and formatting. Hope the changes help!

Hello,

Are you still waiting on Drivers and Ramps? If you don't mind me asking, what is the hold up? I have an extra driver here, id be happy to donate if that is needed.

Hi ! Look for News update :)

how do the stepper motors move the platforms? are there some 3d print files missing?

amazing?I like it?

Nov 24, 2014 - Modified Nov 25, 2014

While I waiting electronic parts for Rar print assembling I found this amazing experiment :

Making graphene supercapacitors with a DVD writer

http://vimeo.com/51873011

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_oEFwyoWKXo

High resolution, low cost laser lithography using a Blu-ray optical head assembly:

http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/papers2/optics/photolithography/High%20resolution,%20low%20cost%20laser%20lithography%20using%20a%20Blu-ray%20optical%20head%20assembly.pdf

Write please in comments below if you interested this function will be able in Rar print 3D printer ? ( 3D print nanoelectronics)

Hi mikhashev,

any news?

Hi masxyz ! ) :) Very soon experiments will begins. Good guys from Bestfilament company gave to me Arduino MEGA 2560. I still waiting for RAMPS 1.4 and Pololu drivers A4988.
Photo below:
old DVD ROM , uv led, Arduino MEGA 2560 and small dvd rom from notebook.
http://vk.com/rarprint?w=wall-72484195_124%2Fall

Agreed! Michail-Denis is rly good guy! =)

Nov 6, 2014 - Modified Nov 6, 2014

Hi mikhashev,

this is a very interesting project and a really cool and functional design! I´ve already collected most of the recomended parts and will give it a try as soon as possible.

Do you use any kind of focusing lense?
At work we´ve build an µ-stereolithographie device which uses diode lasers and focusing lenses. I can´t imagine how an UV-LED can generate a precise spot for a good x-y resolution (even for non microscopic applications).

greetings

Nov 6, 2014 - Modified Nov 16, 2014
mikhashev - in reply to Harbard

Hi Harbard. Thank you )

I do. It is focusing system (the laser system) from cd or dvd rom. Please read this page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVD : Laser and optics . It is good idea to use blu-ray rom, because it have 405 nm laser, but we need make driver for this laser.
And look there some pictures : Comparison of various optical storage media.

Do you have any pictures of your latest prints with this machine you can post?

Nov 2, 2014 - Modified Nov 3, 2014
mikhashev - in reply to Breck

Hi, Breck!

I am sart to make that prototype again. I still waiting electronic components for this printer

Thank you for your hard work and design on this unit!!
I am looking forward to seeing it advance, and will be printing the parts to give it a try I have plenty of the components lying around.

Thank you all for being active!
Please write which of the inernet platforms is more convenient to you to put detailed instructions for assembly 3D printer ?

Instructables.com

Instructables.com also a really good site to post this project

Oct 15, 2014 - Modified Oct 15, 2014
masxyz - in reply to mikhashev

Hi Mikhashev,

if you have a google account you could also use google code,
https://code.google.com,
starting new project https://code.google.com/hosting/createProject

there are 5 sections :Project Home Downloads Wiki Issues Source
you can put videos, texts, images, and more
it is all clear and tidy

Thanks :) I choose between two resources : instructables and google ( also google docs)/

Hi, mikhashev, this is a great design and I'm really excited to learn more. I'm a copywriter, so if I can offer you any help in writing up an instruction and assembly manual in English, just let me know.

The best one in my mind would be youtube. On this platform you can tell and show what you are doing. i that won't work why not make a free blog with wordpress and post your story and pictures on it. Besides that you can put the instructions and the pictures on thingiverse!

Truly beautiful engineering design work; reutilising cheap, accurately made off the shelf components. Great work! I look forward to watching this project develop.

any sample prints?

I am not familiar with the parts inside CD/DVD. Does it matter which brand or model to be used in order to fit your 3D printed parts? Which brand and model you used? Thanks.

So, how do we make it?

Some more detailed instructions or a build log would be awesome!

Patience , gentlemen. More detailed instructions will be soon as it possible.

Oct 12, 2014 - Modified Oct 12, 2014

possal na rotan avtory
Xyita is serii kak narisovat sovy
I sait govno bez UTF

hi RAR,

wonderful machine!!!

do you have more instruction about?

or maybe more detailed pictures?

Do u have video, how printer works?

Comments deleted.

Where do you get the UV cure pollmer from ???

And how much ??
Cheers
Ceri

Hi, Ceri ! I'd used Makerjuice, 1 liter. You can find it in heir web site. Also you can use any UV curved photopolimers, because UV diod could be installed into CD|DVR ROM optic system against laser diode. Characteristics of UV diode may be any ( ~400 nm light wave, and power 100 -1000 mW) it depend what photopolimer you want to use.

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