Recently Gene Editing has been in the news. With the development of this technology, it is now possible to edit the DNA of humans and other organisms.
Lesson Plans and lab work is now available on my teacher pay teacher site, https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/3D-Printable-DNA-RNA-Manipulative-Lab-1-3452084
Gene editing is also known as genetic modification, gene splicing, genome editing, or gene therapy.
All of them use restriction enzymes / nucleases "Molecular scissors" to cut and splice different genes into the host DNA.
In looking online, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genome_editing, there are thousand of different nucleases that work in different way to edit DNA.
To model nucleases, I designed this expansion set for my DNA / RNA manipulative set. http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:1259352
Using these DNA blocks, you can easily move and manipulate your choice of nucleates.
In the file I include 1 bp and 6 bp block so you can explore the most common restriction enzymes.
I did simplify this by removing the phosphate group (P) block from this. I did this in order to save space on your students desktop.
Print in clear or a color not used with the rest of the DNA set.
I included the 3 prime and 5 prime tag files so you can mark which end your DNA is spliced.
Put a piece of clear packing tape over the blank space, use a dry erase marker to write the name of your restriction enzyme.
This is an expansion set built from http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:1259352
Print up the DNA set first, the use the base pairs (A,T,C,G) inside the slots of the D pieces.
This was designed in TinkerCAD.
PROJECT: Gene Editing
These pieces are to expand upon students knowledge of DNA and gene editing. Students can use these to produce their own restriction enzymes / nucleases.
They can further uses these to demonstrate their knowledge of gene editing, and model the restriction enzymes used in gene editing.
Students will demonstrate and describe gene editing.
Students will model the different types of restriction enzymes.
Students will explore the ethics and implications of gene editing.
Students will explore how to cure genetic disease with gene editing.
Genetic students should demonstrate the different types of mutations used in gene editing.
Genetic students should demonstrate the different restriction enzymes used.
Genetic students should demonstrate how to select the restriction enzymes to use for any procedure.
This is intended for AP Biology, College biology, genetics students. It can also be used by genetic researchers, gene councilors, or medical professionals.
Students should already know about DNA, RNA, and restriction enzymes.
Students should already know that gene editing is a new process to modify DNA.
Students should know the parts of the model set, and how to manipulate them into DNA code.
Students should know the different types of mutations.
Teachers should 3D print at least 2 (6D) blocks per team. Teachers should prepare reading or videos that show how restriction enzymes work.
a. Model how a restriction enzyme works and how it cuts DNA along specific sequences.
b. Model how these restriction enzymes can insert, delete, or otherwise mutate DNA.
c. Model how gene editing would happen for a specific disease.
d. Model how to edit a gene for a specific sequence, showing how the DNA is altered from original to new DNA.
e. Explore the legal and ethical ramifications for gene editing.
f. Have students engage in presidential style debate for the pros / cons of gene editing.
g. Have the student prepare a report to go before a congressional hearing or medical panel. consider have students present before medical professionals.
h. Have students present the process to others or underclassmen.
When finished, students should demonstrate the following.
a. The process of gene editing.
b. The use of restriction enzymes.
c. The process of mutating DNA to fit our intent.
d. Understand the legal and ethical ramifications for gene editing