Roger Brooke Taney was fifth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Nominated to the court by Andrew Jackson, Taney is best known for his decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford. In the decision, Taney held that African-Americans in America could not be citizens:
"They had for more than a century before been regarded as beings of an inferior order, and altogether unfit to associate with the white race, either in social or political relations; and so far inferior, that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect; and that the negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit."
Taney practiced law between 1801 and 1823 in Frederick, Maryland, owning property in the city and serving as chair of many local institutions. In 1931, the bust was placed in front of the then-Frederick County courthouse. Frederick City officials have recently moved to remove the pro-slavery lawyer and judge's bust.